Directed Paraphrasing

Students are asked to paraphrase part of a lesson for a specific audience and purpose, using words that are more accessible to a target audience (e.g., translate highly specialized information into language that clients or customers will understand).

Individual/Group Activity Individually
Class SizeSmall (<25), Medium (25-50), & Large (51-200)
Bloom’s Taxonomy LevelUnderstand
Development InitialTransitional Knowing
Minimum Time to Facilitate16-30 Minutes
Minimum Time to Debrief< 10 Minutes

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Purcell, B. M. (2014). Use of Formative Classroom Assessment Techniques in a Project Management Course. Journal of Case Studies in Accreditation and Assessment, 3:

SrivaSTava, T. K., Mishra, V., & Waghmare, L. S. (2018). Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs) for better learning in pre-clinical medical education: A controlled trial. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 12(9), JC01: