The instructor poses a question, scenario, or problem, and learners individually think about possible responses (and ideally write their thoughts down). Following the self-reflective time, learners pair up to discuss their answers. Finally, pairs either share their individual thoughts or their collective insights with the whole class.

Individual/Group Activity Group & Individually
Class SizeSmall (<25), Medium (25-50), & Large (51-200)
Bloom’s Taxonomy LevelAnalyze
Development InitialTransitional Knowing
Minimum Time to Facilitate16 – 30 Minutes
Minimum Time to Debrief< 10 Minutes

Usman, A. H. (2015). Using the think-pair-share strategy to improve students’ speaking ability at Stain Ternate. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(10), 37-45:

Kaddoura, M. (2013). Think pair share: A teaching learning strategy to enhance students’ critical thinking. Educational Research Quarterly, 36(4), 3-24:

Hamdan, R. K. A. (2017). The Effect of (Think-Pair-Share) Strategy on the Achievement of Third Grade Student in Sciences in the Educational District of Irbid. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(9), 88-95: